SIOBAL Silicone Oil


Silicone oil was introduced by Cibis in the 1960s as an intraocular tamponade prior to the introduction of pars plana vitrectomy. High-purity silicone oil free of low-molecular-weight have been used as a vitreous fluid and It has become the preferred tamponade agent in cases at high risk of retinal detachment, Proliferative vitreorretinopathy, Proliferative diabetic retinopathy and Ocular penetrating and perforating trauma. To avoid long-term complications due to the presence of silicone oil inside the eye, such as cataract, glaucoma and ceratopathy, its removal is usually necessary.




The high risk cases that could be treat with silicon oil are:

  • Retinal detachment
    Retinal detachment is a disorder of the eye in which theretina separates from the layer underneath. Symptoms include an increase in the number of floaters, flashes of light, and worsening of the outer part of the visual field.

  • Proliferative vitreorretinopathy
    Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a disease that develops as a complication of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. PVR occurs in about 8–10% of patients undergoing primary retinal detachment surgery and prevents the successful surgical repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy 
    Diabetic retinopathy, also known as diabetic eye disease, is a medical condition in which damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes mellitus (commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period) and is a leading cause of blindness. In this condition very small blood vessels grow from the surface of the retina. The tiny blood capillaries vessels are very delicate and bleed easily. The bleeding causes scar tissue that starts to shrink and pull the retina off, and the eye becomes blind.

  • Ocular penetrating and perforating trauma
    Ocular penetrating and perforating injuries can result in severe vision loss or loss of the eye. Penetrating injuries by definition penetrate into the eye but not through and through and there is no exit wound. Perforating injuries have both entrance and exit wounds. Penetrating or perforating ocular injuries can be due to injury from any sharp or high velocity object. 



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